Several other ministers were in attendance including Rev. Anne Hutchinson appears as the accused in this trial]. Mrs Hutchinson, you are called here as one of those that have troubled the peace of the commonwealth and the churches here; you are known to be a woman that hath had a great share in the promoting and divulging of those opinions that are the cause of this trouble, and to be nearly joined not only in affinity and affection with some of those the court had taken notice of and passed censure upon, but you have spoken divers things, as we have been informed, very prejudicial to the honour of the churches and ministers thereof, and you have maintained a meeting and an assembly in your house that hath been condemned by the general assembly as a thing not tolerable nor comely in the sight of God nor fitting for your sex, and notwithstanding that was cried down you have continued the same.
Puritans fled in large numbers beginning in The first of The trial of anne hutchinson included John Winthropfuture governor of the Massachusetts Colony. Cotton was questioned by the Court of High Commission over concerns that his preaching about church reform caused dissent.
Cotton immediately went into hiding and fled to Boston in Believing Massachusetts was in opposition to the king, British authorities closed borders and stopped emigrants from leaving under threat of prosecution, and also made threats to Massachusetts. Cotton immediately worked to cement his power in the new world and engineered the congregational structure of church worship, with Anne in his inner circle.
It was during her involvement with the healing group that Anne developed the religious philosophy that became the focus of her American preaching. She believed that heaven was attainable to anyone who worshipped god directly, through a personal connection. Anne also preached that behavior, and therefore sin, did not affect whether someone went to heaven.
These beliefs were in direct violation of Puritan doctrine. Anne expanded on her ideas in sermons and people flocked to listen to her, including men. ByAnne was holding two meetings a week with as many as 80 people at each meeting, including Henry Vane, the governor of Massachusetts.
Those who rose up in opposition to her were the re-elected Governor John Winthrop and John Cotton, who feared Anne was becoming a church separatist. Both sent female spies to her sermons. Cotton gathered with other colony clergy to pass resolutions designed to end religious dissidence.
A debate over the next two days saw Anne performing well before the group of men when challenged on Biblical prowess, but her final argument sealed her fate.
It was a lengthy statement of her philosophy and history, an account of speaking directly with God that concluded with a prophecy of the ruin of the court and the colony in retribution for their persecution of Anne.
The men saw this as a challenge to their authority. Anne was proclaimed a heretic. She and her family were banished from the colony and any supporters in positions of authority were removed.
All supporters were forced to surrender arms. Anne remained under house arrest until winter ended. In March the Hutchinson family, along with 30 other families, left for the island of Aquidneck in the Rhode Island territory at the suggestion of Roger Williamswhere they founded Portsmouth.
After her pregnancy ended in June with the stillbirth of a severely deformed baby, rumors were spread that Anne had given birth to a demon, spurred on by Winthrop. Cotton preached that the stillbirth was her punishment from God. The defamation went beyond her own labor.
One minister claimed Hutchinson had never delivered a normal baby as a midwife, that all were monsters. Fifteen people including Anne were axed to death, their bodies burned.
Susan remained with the Siwanoy for another nine years, eventually returning to Boston and marrying a settler there.The Examination of Mrs Anne Hutchinson at the Court at Newton. [The General Court, highest in authority in Massachusetts Bay Colony, consisted of the Governor as Chair of the Court, the Deputy Governor, 5 assistants, and 5 deputies.
Born in Lincolnshire, England, Anne Hutchinson immigrated to Massachusetts Bay with her husband and family in She was initially highly regarded in the community because of her intelligence and caring nature, but later ran into difficulty because of her religious views and outspoken nature.
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Anne Hutchinson was perhaps the most famous Englishwoman in colonial American history, viewed in later centuries as a crusader for religious liberty and a prototypical feminist.
Discover books, read about the author, find related products, and more. More about Anne Hutchinson. Roger Williams: Roger Williams, English colonist in New England, founder of the colony of Rhode Island and pioneer of religious liberty. The son of a merchant tailor, he was a protégé of the jurist Sir Edward Coke and was educated at Cambridge.
In he left his post as chaplain to Sir William Masham, which had. In the RV trial, the estimated efficacy of a vaccine regimen against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) was %.
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