LSD is one of the most common hallucinogens available today. It is manufactured from a fungus called ergot that can be found on rye and other grains. LSD is usually found on blotter papers that are placed on the tongue and allowed to dissolve. These blotter papers are little squares of paper that often have colorful images printed on them.
Users sometimes report out of body experiences. Other physical reactions to LSD are highly variable and nonspecific, some of which may be secondary to the psychological effects of LSD. Among the reported symptoms are numbness, weakness, nausea, hypothermia or hyperthermiaelevated blood sugargoose bumpsheart rate increase, jaw clenching, perspiration, saliva production, mucus production, hyperreflexiaand tremors.
Trips usually start within 20—30 minutes of taking LSD by mouth less if snorted or taken intravenouslypeak three to four hours after ingestion, and last up to 12 hours.
Negative experiences, referred to as "bad trips", produce intense negative emotions, such as irrational fears and anxiety, panic attacks, paranoia, rapid mood swings, intrusive thoughts of hopelessness, wanting to harm others, and suicidal ideation.
It is impossible to predict when a bad trip will occur.
Generally beginning within 30 to 90 minutes after ingestion, the user may experience anything from subtle changes in perception to overwhelming cognitive shifts. Changes in auditory and visual perception are typical. Some users report that the inanimate world appears to animate in an inexplicable way; for instance, objects that are static in three dimensions can seem to be moving relative to one or more additional spatial dimensions.
The auditory effects of LSD may include echo -like distortions of sounds, changes in ability to discern concurrent auditory stimuli, and a general intensification of the experience of music.
Higher doses often cause intense and fundamental distortions of sensory perception such as synaesthesiathe experience of additional spatial or temporal dimensions, and temporary dissociation.
LSD was ranked 14th in dependence, 15th in physical harm, and 13th in social harm.
The most significant adverse effect was impairment of mental functioning while intoxicated. Flashback psychology Some individuals may experience " flashbacks " and a syndrome of long-term and occasionally distressing perceptual changes.
Several scientific journal articles have described the disorder. Overall, the evidence seems to point to limited or no effect at commonly used doses.
LSD is not addictive. Agitation can be safely addressed with benzodiazepines such as lorazepam or diazepam. Neuroleptics such as haloperidol are recommended against because they may have adverse effects. LSD is rapidly absorbed, so activated charcoal and emptying of the stomach will be of little benefit, unless done within 30—60 minutes of ingesting an overdose of LSD.
Sedation or physical restraint is rarely required, and excessive restraint may cause complications such as hyperthermia over-heating or rhabdomyolysis.
Intravenous administration of anticoagulantsvasodilatorsand sympatholytics may be useful with massive doses. The lower the dissociation constant Kithe more strongly LSD binds to that receptor i.The ergot sclerotium contains high concentrations (up to 2% of dry mass) of the alkaloid ergotamine, a complex molecule consisting of a tripeptide-derived cyclol-lactam ring connected via amide linkage to a lysergic acid (ergoline) moiety, and other alkaloids of the ergoline group that are biosynthesized by the fungus.
Ergot alkaloids have a wide range of biological activities including. Possible Health Effects Short-term Drowsiness, slurred speech, poor concentration, confusion, dizziness, problems with movement and memory, lowered blood pressure, slowed breathing.
LSD long term use and effects can be very serious.
Long term effects of LSD use can occur in anyone who uses LSD, though heavy users, or those who use the drug over a longer period of time, are more likely to experience long term effects. Short-Term Effects of LSD Use. According to the National Survey of Drug Abuse and Health, approximately % of people in the Unites States over the age of 12 have used LSD at least once in their lives.
Its use is currently most popular among high school and college-aged students, and the drug is most often used at parties and raves. Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), also known as acid, is a hallucinogenic drug. Effects typically include altered thoughts, feelings, and awareness of one's surroundings.
Many users see or hear things that do not exist. Dilated pupils, increased blood pressure, and increased body temperature are typical. Effects typically begin within half an hour and can last for up to 12 hours. LIGHT-INDUCED DAMAGE to the RETINA Malgorzata Rozanowska a, Bartosz Rozanowski b, Michael Boulton c a Cardiff Vision Institute, School of Optometry and Vision Sciences, Cardiff University; Maindy Road, Cardiff CF24 4LU, United Kingdom [email protected] b Department of Cytology and Genetics; Institute of Biology, Pedagogical University, Ul.
Podbrzezie 3, Krakow, Poland.