What is the historical context of A Doll's House? A Doll's House was published in Norway in The first stage production was in Stockholm, in The play caused an immediate sensation, sparked debate and controversy, and brought Ibsen international fame.
As " A Doll's House " is catastrophic see next chapterthe story is of some length. The " Story " of " A Doll's House" About there lived, in a small town in Norway, a man of extravagant tastes, a spendthrift, who was continually in debt, and was sometimes accused of dishonesty.
He was a widower with an only child, a daughter, who was much like himself, and whom he indulged and spoiled, calling her his doll child, and playing with her as she played with her dolls. Her name was Nora ; and she becomes the heroine of this play.
As the heroine, then, she must be in the center of a group of characters closely related, but so set apart from the rest of the world that the plot can work itself out free from casual interruptions.
Nora probably had many friends, for, like her father, she was of a social nature. But Ibsen, always economical of minor characters, selects only one of these friends to help form the setting Nora's schoolmate, Christina, who becomes the Mrs.
Linden of the play. Christina is a girl in rather poor circumstances, who has lost her father, and whose mother and younger brothers are in need of help.
And she proves to be the only character in the play who has this trait. While Nora is still very young, she marries impulsively, and without much deep feeling. She soon finds that Torvald Helmer is the direct opposite of her father cautious, conservative, fearful of debt, conventional, and rather pompous and self-righteous.
She discovers, too, that he is destitute of moral courage.
He has been in government service, but seeing little prospect of advancement, he begins to practice law after his marriage. He and Nora make their home in Christiania. Christina falls in love genuinely and sincerely with a man by the name of Krogstad, a college chum of Helmer's, who is also a lawyer.
But Krogstad is poor, and Christina is greatly burdened, for her mother has become bedridden, and her young brothers need an education. She has another suitor who is well-to-do, and whom she thinks it her duty to marry. Believing that if she breaks with Krogstad, it is only right to try to put an end to his love for her, she writes him a heartless-sounding letter, saying she has ceased to care for him.
She then marries the other suitor, Linden by name, who has the means to make her and her mother and brothers comfortable.
But the marriage proves unhappy. Meantime Helmer, Nora's husband, overworks in building up his law practice, so that a year after his marriage he falls ill, and is ordered to Italy to save his life. But there is no money.
Nora dares not go to her father to ask help, for he is ill and not expected to live. So in despair, and without her husband's knowledge, she appeals to Krogstad, who negotiates a loan for her, with her father as security. But Nora is unable to get her father's signature, and so forges his name on the promissory note.
Furthermore, she dates the endorsement three days after her father's death thus incriminating herself. Krogstad knows all about this, but sympathizes as an old friend, and has at the time no motive for revealing it or making trouble.
Nora's view of the matter is refreshing. She explains later that if the law takes no account of motives, it must be very bad indeed. I don't know much about the law, but I 'm sure that some-where or other you will find that that is allowed.
Of their life there we know only one detail. At Capri, Nora learns to dance the tarantella,that wild dance which the Neapolitans throw themselves into when they are glad, and when they are sad, and when they are mad.
This becomes the symbol of the play. Helmer's health being restored, he and Nora return to Christiania, where they live frugally. Nora saves from her personal allowance, and sometimes works at copying far into the night, in order to pay installments and interest on her debt; and she practices all kinds of deception, to keep her husband in ignorance of the matter.
At this point it becomes evident how complex is Helmer's character.
His fear and loathing of debt is creditable rather than otherwise ; but with it is involved a pompous superiority, a dislike to owe any-thing to his doll of a wife, and a dastardly cowardice in face of the world's opinion.
As time goes on there are three children, and they are all as contented as is possible in the circumstances, not realizing that a doll's house can never be a real home. Krogstad, meantime, is living in bitter poverty, with a large family to support.Written in by Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen, A Doll's House is a three act play about a seemingly typical housewife who becomes disillusioned and .
Irony in A Doll's House A Doll's House contains many instances of irony. The main characters, Nora and Torvald, are especially involved in nationwidesecretarial.com of the examples of irony in .
The dramatic irony in a "doll's house", is the fact that Torvald was the one who had the control in the end, yet it was Nora (of all people) to rebel and take control of .
Irony Symbolism Metaphor Diction Discussion The Techniques of A Doll's House Irony Verbal Irony Symbolism Nora: “When I lived at home with Papa, he told me all his opinions, so I had the same.
Dramatic Irony in A Doll's House Dramatic irony implies to the speech and action of a character that is guided by partial or utter misunderstanding of the reality. The character is not consciously using irony to satirize someone.
Irony is realized from conscious or unconscious speeches or actions. Dramatic Irony in A Dolls House Irony serves the purpose of accentuating a story, it also adds to its creativity and originality. There are numerous types of .