Death Penalty Persuasive Essay This assignment instructed students to write a persuasive essay which argues for a specific viewpoint or a specific action to be taken on a societal issue. I argued for a specific stance to be taken on the issue of the death penalty. The audience for this essay is the opinion section of the Sunday New York Times.
Our Nation was grounded upon the belief that white men and women are superior to all other races. This has proven to be true across several different platforms. From slavery, to prohibition and the war on drugs, the criminal justice system in America has always had large discrepancies between whites and all other races.
Specifically between the whites and African Americans. In this paper I will be analyzing cases, statistics and beliefs throughout America to view the prominence of unfair sentencing of capital punishments among African American criminals.
Truth in Numbers As an American, one would like to believe equal rights are a shared experience. In a perfect world everyone is protected and the legal system looks out for the best interest of everyone.
Legally, we have a system that is supposed to be unbiased in regards to race, ethnicity, gender and social class position. Between andfifty-four percent of the 3, people put to death, by rulings from US civilians, were African American Lane, This statistic is not only frightening but also un-proportionate.
One famous study that took place in Georgia helped to prove this inequality even further. Baldus and his colleagues researched over 2,00 homicide cases. The results showed that African Death penalty discrimination essay defendants were almost twice as likely to receive the death penalty than white defendants.
They also found that in cases where a black man murdered a white victim they were approximately four times more likely to receive the death penalty than if the victim was an African American Dow, Startling statistics like this are not just seen in Georgia.
Across platforms within the United States homicides committed by white and black individuals are equal. But statistics show that 80 percent of those put to death were black men who had murdered a white person Death Penalty, Still Racist and Arbitrary, Warren McCleskey was a black man who was charged with murdering a white Atlanta police Officer.
The results of the hearing granted McCleskey with the death penalty. In a unanimous vote ofthe Supreme Court ruled that the patterns of which were found in Georgia did not relate to any discrimination in his case.
McCleskey received his full sentence and was put to death. Varieties of Racial Basis Racial bias can present itself in a few ways in the United States court system. The first category, which can prove a criminal sentence to be illegitimate, is the overt racial discrimination against minority defendants.
This can be seen through the conscious or unconscious racial prejudice within the jury itself Kleck, The second category is when a disregard for minority crime victims becomes present. This means that if there is a failure to sentence offenders, of any race, who victimize minority-groups as equally or severely as those cases that involve nonminority group members, an unjust ruling can be made Kleck, The third way racial bias can be shown is through class discrimination.
This matters if more severe treatment is given to members of a lower social class than to those of a higher social class. This is apparent in many cases involving African Americans, because the majority of blacks are members of the lower class Racial Discrimination in Criminal Sentencing, The fourth way is economic discrimination.
If a legal system is structured so that in order to get full protection one must have a significant amount of private resources, this is seen as unfair. It is unjust if low class defendants receive more severe punishments because they cant afford private attorneys.
This can also appear when an individual cannot pay bail Kleck, The last category of which racial bias can be shown is within the institution itself.
If a minority is charged more severely because of crimes committed by other individuals of that same race, this is an illegitimate sentence. An example of this would be if a black men is sentenced to life in prison for possession of cocaine based merely on the fact that majority of cocaine users are black.
This category is the most problematic because it is so flexible that practically anything could be characterized as racist Kleck, Conclusions to Be Drawn Overall, proving racism can be a complicated subject when it comes to the Federal Court system. It has been shown through many cases and statistics that blacks are given harsher sentences.
However, proving that these numbers are intentional as opposed to institutional can be very difficult.Bright, Discrimination, Death and Denial: The Tolerance of Racial Discrimination in Infliction of the Death Penalty, 35 Santa Clara Law Review , () (emphasis added).
Callins v. The Death Penalty: The Discrimination Within Throughout America's history, the death penalty has been applied disproportionately tot he poor and blacks. The death penalty, legal execution, has existed as long as has human culture.
Capital Punishment, the death penalty, is punishment by death. Racial bias in capital trials appears to be correlated with the following: (a) the ethnic background of the district attorney pursuing the death penalty; (b) the racial breakdown of the jurors in capital cases; (c) jurors’ failure to understand jury instructions in death penalty trials; and (d) jurors’ attitudes toward the death penalty and their death qualification .
The Death Penalty and Race Essay Words | 16 Pages The Death Penalty and Race To look closely at many of the mechanisms in American society is to observe the contradiction between constitutional equality and equality in practice. The study, by a criminologist at the University of Maryland, exposes the extent of racial discrimination inherent in the administering of capital punishment in Harris County, the ground zero of the death penalty in the US.
Race, Poverty, the Death Penalty and the Responsibility of the Legal Profession 77 cutorial misconduct. 29 Last May, Mr. Drinkard received a new trial, after seven years in custody including five years on death row, where he watched.