A biography and life work of jacques cartier a french navigator and explorer

Born inJacques Cartier was a French mariner who sailed out of the port city of St. His early life remains a mystery, although we know he undertook voyages of exploration to Newfoundland and Brazil during the early decades of the sixteenth century. His success on those trips brought him to the attention King Francis I of Francewho hoped to discover either New World wealth or a passage to the Far East.

A biography and life work of jacques cartier a french navigator and explorer

Inin a voyage conducted with great competence, Cartier explored the Gulf of St. Lawrence and claimed its shores for the French crown. In… Cartier appears to have voyaged to the Americas, particularly Brazilprior to his three major North American voyages. When King Francis I of France decided in to send an expedition to explore the northern lands in the hope of discovering gold, spices, and a passage to AsiaCartier received the commission.

He sailed from Saint-Malo on April 20,with two ships and 61 men. Lawrence as far as Anticosti Island. Cartier, JacquesThis map details the first two voyages of Jacques Cartier. His report piqued the curiosity of Francis I sufficiently for him to send Cartier back the following year, with three ships and men, to explore further.

Guided by the two Indians he had brought back, he sailed up the St. Lawrence as far as Quebec and established a base near an Iroquois village.

In September he proceeded with a small party as far as the island of Montrealwhere navigation was barred by rapids. He was warmly welcomed by the resident Iroquoisbut he spent only a few hours among them before returning to winter at his base.

A biography and life work of jacques cartier a french navigator and explorer

He had, however, learned from the Indians that two rivers led farther west to lands where gold, silver, copper, and spices abounded. The lines of demarcation represent an early division between the territory of Spain to the west and Portugal to the east. The severity of the winter came as a terrible shock; no Europeans since the Vikings had wintered that far north on the American continent, and a mild winter was expected because Quebec lay at a lower latitude than Paris.

To make matters worse, the explorers earned the enmity of the Iroquois. Thus, in May, as soon as the river was free of ice, they treacherously seized some of the Iroquois chiefs and sailed for France.

Cartier was able to report only that great riches lay farther in the interior and that a great river, said to be leagues about 2, miles [3, km] long, possibly led to Asia. War in Europe prevented Francis I from sending another expedition until Cartier sailed first, arriving at Quebec on August 23; Roberval was delayed until the following year.

Cartier again visited Montreal, but as before he remained only a few hours and failed to go even the few miles necessary to get beyond the rapids. The subsequent maps based on the knowledge he provided fail to indicate that he had reached a large island at the confluence of the Ottawa and St.

Colonial exploration routes within Canada. The winter at his new base above Quebec proved as severe as the earlier one.

A biography and life work of jacques cartier a french navigator and explorer

Cartier appears to have been unable to maintain discipline among his men, and their actions again aroused the hostility of the local Indians. But what were thought to be gold and diamonds were found in abundance. In the spring, not waiting for Roberval to arrive with the main body of colonists, Cartier abandoned the base and sailed for France.

En route he stopped at Newfoundland, where he encountered Roberval, who ordered him back to Quebec. Cartier, however, stole away during the night and continued back to France.

There, his mineral specimens were found to be valueless. Roberval enjoyed no better success. After one winter he abandoned the plan to found a colony and returned to France. The disappointment at these meagre results was very great. Not for more than half a century did France again show interest in these new lands.Jacques Cartier Biography Jacques Cartier was a French explorer credited to have claimed what is now Canada for France.

This biography of Jacques Cartier provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements, works & nationwidesecretarial.com Of Birth: Saint-Malo.

Frenchman Jacques Cartier was the first European to navigate the great entrance to Canada, the Saint Lawrence River. In , in a voyage conducted with great competence, Cartier explored the Gulf of St. Lawrence and claimed its shores for the French crown. Jacques Cartier [1] () French explorer and navigator Sources [2] Early Career. Born in , Jacques Cartier [3] was a French mariner who sailed out of the port city of St. Malo. Frenchman Jacques Cartier was the first European to navigate the great entrance to Canada, the Saint Lawrence River. In , in a voyage conducted with great competence, Cartier explored the Gulf of St. Lawrence and .

Jacques Cartier (). French explorer and navigator. Sources. Early Career. Born in , Jacques Cartier was a French mariner who sailed out of the port city of St. Malo. His early life remains a mystery, although we know he undertook voyages of exploration to Newfoundland and Brazil during the early decades of the sixteenth century.

His success on those trips brought him to the. Frenchman Jacques Cartier was the first European to navigate the great entrance to Canada, the Saint Lawrence River. In , in a voyage conducted with great competence, Cartier explored the Gulf of St. Lawrence and claimed its shores for the French crown.

In European exploration: early.

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Jacques Cartier was a French explorer and navigator who lived during the 15th and 16th centuries. The printable worksheet and interactive quiz will test what you know about his life and voyages. CARTIER, JACQUES, navigator of Saint-Malo, first explorer of the Gulf of St.

Lawrence in , discoverer of the St. Lawrence River in , commander of the settlement of Charlesbourg-Royal in –42; b. probably some time between 7 June and 23 Dec.

at Saint-Malo (Brittany), where he died in Biography. Sacagawea. Sacagawea was a Shoshone interpreter best known for being the only woman on the Lewis and Clark Expedition into the American West. French explorer Jacques Cartier is.

Jacques Cartier Facts, Biography, Accomplishments, Voyages